tile-converter is a command line utility (CLI) for two-way batch conversion between I3S and 3D Tiles, both an OGC community standard. It can load tilesets to be converted directly from an URL or file based formats. I3S and 3DTiles are large formats that include different layer types and data formats. See Supported Features page that describes what the tile-converter supports.
The tile-converter is published as an npm module and as a docker image.
@loaders.gl/tile-converter from npm makes the
tile-converter command line tool available.
npm i @loaders.gl/tile-converter
Tile Converter can be run using
Aknowledge available options:
npx tile-converter --help
npx tile-converter --install-dependencies
npx tile-converter --input-type \<I3S\|3DTILES\> --tileset \<tileset\> --name <tileset name> [--output <output folder>] [--no-draco] [--max-depth 4] [--slpk] [--7zExe <path/to/7z.exe>] [--token <ION token>] [--egm <pat/to/*.pgm>] [--split-nodes] [--instant-node-writing] [--generate-textures] [--generate-bounding-volumes]
Alternatively, you can use syntax with the equal sign:
npx tile-converter --input-type=\<I3S\|3DTILES\> --tileset=<tileset> --splk=true|false ...
Alternatively, there is a docker image to run:
docker pull visgl/tile-converter
See more details here
Operationg Systems: Windows 8.1 or higher, Ubuntu 20.04 or higher
NodeJS 14 or higher is required.
|Option||3DTiles to I3S conversion||I3S to 3DTiles conversion||Description|
|help||*||*||Show the converter tool options list|
|install-dependencies||Run the script for installing dependencies. Run this options separate from others. It installs "*.pgm" Earth Gravity Model, loader workers, sharp and join-images npm packages|
|input-type||*||*||"I3S" - for I3S to 3DTiles conversion, "3DTILES" for 3DTiles to I3S conversion|
|tileset||*||*||"tileset.json" file (3DTiles) / "http://..../SceneServer/layers/0" resource (I3S)|
|output||*||*||Output folder. This folder will be created by converter if doesn't exist. It is relative to the converter path. Default: "./data" folder|
|name||*||*||Tileset name. This option is required for naming in the output json resouces and for the output |
|max-depth||*||*||Maximal depth of the hierarchical tiles tree traversal, default: infinity|
|slpk||*||Whether the converter generates *.slpk (Scene Layer Package) I3S output files|
|7zExe||*||location of 7z.exe archiver to create slpk on Windows OS, default: "C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7z.exe"|
|egm||*||*||location of the Earth Gravity Model (*.pgm) file to convert heights from ellipsoidal to gravity-related format, default: "./deps/egm2008-5.pgm". A model file can be loaded from GeographicLib https://geographiclib.sourceforge.io/html/geoid.html|
|token||*||Token for Cesium ION tileset authentication.|
|no-draco||*||Disable draco compression for geometry. Default: not set|
|instant-node-writing||*||Whether the converter should keep JSON resources (3DNodeIndexDocuments and nodePages) on disk during conversion. The default behavior is the converter keeps JSON resources in memory till the end of conversion. Those resources need to be updated during conversion (adding child nodes and neighbor nodes). If this option is set |
|split-nodes||*||The converter will generate new node for every PBR material in the glTF file. Prevent merge of similar materials that could lead to incorrect visualization. By default, the converter tries to merge PBR materials to create one node for all primitives in a glTF file. Note can cause refinement issues because "leaf" nodes are generated in the middle of the nodes tree tree|
|generate-textures||*||Create compressed KTX2 textures if non-compressed (JPG, PNG) texture is presented in the input tileset or generate JPG texture if compressed KTX2 is presented in the input tileset|
|generate-bounding-volumes||*||Create new OBB and MBS bounding volumes from geometry instead of conversion it from the source tile bounding volume|
|metadata-class||*||Set metadata class related to EXT_feature_metadata or EXT_structural_meatadata. See Schema class extensions|
|analyze||*||Analyze the input tileset content without conversion|
|validate||*||Perform counting of all tiles. Check whether a particular child node fits into the parent one or not. If not, warn about it.|
Metadata class selection
This topic is applicable only for source type "3DTILES".
Those extensions provide the structural metadata storage. Metadata - represented as entities and properties - may be closely associated with parts of 3D content, with data representations appropriate for large, distributed datasets. For the most detailed use cases, properties allow vertex- and texel-level associations; higher-level property associations are also supported.
One glTF resource might include more than one metadata class. That means that parts of a mesh might be associated with different sets of properties.
For example, the glTF might have
buildings classes. In that case, one part of the mesh is related to
bridges properties (eg.
type) and another part of the mesh is related to
buildings properties (eg.
On another side there is an output I3S layer that doesn't support structural metadata and multiple classes. I3S has feature attributes metadata that is the same for every node in the layer. So I3S can consume only one set of properties.
In case when the input 3DTiles dataset has multiple metadata classes, the tile-converter provides a promt to select one class from the list:
If the wanted class is known before the conversion it is possible to skip the prompt with setting
metadata-class option. For example:
npx tile-converter --input-type 3DTILES --tileset ..... --metadata-class bridges
Running local server to handle I3S layer
After conversion without
--slpk option a new I3S layer is created in output ("data" by default) directory.
Run it with the local web server:
PORT=8080 HTTPS_PORT=4443 I3sLayerPath="./data" DEBUG=i3s-server:* npx i3s-server
See more details here
Show converted layer on a map
The tile converter is available as a docker image in the visgl/tile-converter dockerhub repo. The advantage of docker image is that it has dependencies pre-installed so it is not necessary to call
npx tile-converter --install-dependencies.
To download the tile-converter docker image, run:
docker pull visgl/tile-converter
To use converter run:
docker run \
-v /path/to/output_folder:/loaders-bundle/data \
-v /path/to/input-tileset:/loaders-bundle/input-data \
--input-type 3dtiles \
--token ... \
--tileset input-data/tileset.json \
--name ... \
--output data \
--max-depth 3 \
Docker run arguments:
-v - Create docker volume, linked to internal data folder
--rm - Remove container after conversion
visgl/tile-converter - Image name
To build your own tile-converter docker image:
- Clone loaders.gl project.
- In root folder of the project run:
docker build -t [docker_image_name] -f modules/tile-converter/Dockerfile .
- Push docker image to your docker hub