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Using Worker Loaders

Most loaders can perform parsing on JavaScript worker threads. This means that the main thread will not block during parsing and can continue to respond to user interactions or do parallel processing.

Worker threads can also run in parallel, increasing your application's performance when loading parsing many files in parallel.

Note that worker thread loading is not always the best choice since the transfer of data between workers and the main thread is only efficient if the data is predominantly binary.

When worker thread loading is not offered in a specific loader it is usually because it would not provide any performance benefits.

Another advantage when using pure worker loaders is that the code required to parse a format is not bundled into the application but loaded on demand. This is particularly useful when adding loaders that are only used occasionally by your application.

More details on advantages and complications with worker thread based loading the Worker Threads article in the concepts section.

Processing Data on Workers

The processOnWorker function in is used with worker objects exported by modules like and to move processing intensive tasks to workers.

Parsing data on Workers

Loading Files in Parallel using Worker Loaders

The DracoLoader is an example of a worker enabled loader. It parses data on worker threads by default. To load two Draco encoded meshes in parallel on worker threads, just use the DracoLoader as follows:

import {load} from '';
import {DracoLoader} from '';

async function loadInParallel(url1, url2) {
const [data1, data2] = await Promise.all([load(url1, DracoLoader), load(url2, DracoLoader)]);

Disabling Worker Loaders

Applications can use the worker: false option to disable worker loaders, for instance to simplify debugging of parsing issues:

async function loadWithoutWorker(url1) {
const data = await load(url1, DracoLoader, {worker: false});

Disabling Reuse of Workers

Applications reuse already created workers by default. To avoid enlarge memory arrays error it is really nesessary to disable it if you need to load multiple datasets in a sequence. This functionality can be disabled by reuseWorkers: false option:

async function loadwWithoutWorker(url1) {
const data = await load(url1, DracoLoader, {worker: true, reuseWorkers: false});

Concurrency Level and Worker Reuse

Concurrency - The options.maxConcurrency and option.maxMobileConcurrency options can be adjusted to define how many worker instances should be created for each format. Note that setting this higher than roughly the number CPU cores on your current machine will not provide much benefit and may create extra overhead.

Worker reuse - Workers threads can occupy memoery and

ArrayBuffer Neutering

Be aware that when calling worker loaders, binary data is transferred from the calling thread to the worker thread. This means that if you are using parse, any ArrayBuffer parameter you pass in to the will be "neutered" and no longer be accessible in the calling thread.

Most applications will not need to do further processing on the raw binary data after it has been parsed so this is rarely an issue, but if you do, you may need to copy the data before parsing, or disable worker loading (see above).

Specifying Worker Script URLs (Advanced)

In JavaScript, worker threads are loaded from separate scripts files and are typically not part of the main application bundle. For ease-of-use, provides a default set of pre-built worker threads which are published on npm distribution from CDN (Content Delivery Network).

As an advanced option, it is possible to for application to specify alternate URLs for loading a pre-built worker loader instance.

This can be useful e.g. when building applications that cannot access CDNs or when creating highly customized application builds, or doing in-depth debugging.

Composite Loaders and Workers (Advanced) supports sub-loader invocation from worker loaders.

A worker loader starts a seperate thread with a javascript bundle that only contains the code for that loader, so a worker loader needs to call the main thread (and indirectly, potentially another worker thread with another worrker loader) to parse using a sub-loader, properly transferring data into and back from the other thread.

Debugging Worker Loaders (Advanced)

Debugging worker loaders is tricky. While it is always possible to specify options.worker: false which helps in many situations, there are cases where the worker loader itself must be debugged.

TBA - There is an ambition to provide better support for debugging worker loaders:

  • Pre-build non-minified versions of workers, and provide option to easily select those.
  • Let developers easily switch between CDN and locally built workers.
  • ...